Otolaryngology is the medical specialty concerned with disorders and conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region of the body. If you have a problem related to these body areas, your primary care doctor may refer you to an ENT specialist.
Those who work within this field diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions related to the ears, nose, and throat. ENTs may treat acute conditions, or they may work in primary care, providing services to both adults and children. When a condition is severe, the ENT doctor determines the cause and then finds the right method of treatment for the individual. ENT specialists also provide checkups, perform surgeries, and test for many diseases associated with the head. There are numerous ear-related conditions that are treated by ENT doctors.
They use different devices or surgery to treat conditions such as hearing loss, ear infections, nerve damage, malformations, balance disorders, and even birth disorders that affect both the inner or outer area of the ear. Problems involving the nose are also treated by ENTs, such as deviated septum, malformation, nerve disorders, chronic sinusitis, and smell and sensory issues. They can also treat allergies and breathing problems that are the result of a problem with the nasal cavity.
Treatment of the throat area involves cancer, speech problems, and vocal issues, as well as eating disabilities and speaking limitations. ENTs also treat infections of the throat that are acute or chronic, and perform surgery as necessary.